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Glossary

To help you better understand the UK pallet industry, we have created our own glossary of logistics terminology.

Air Freight Pallets

As Air Freight is normally charged on a per kg basis, exporters often use a lightweight pallet to reduce freight charges. For this application, nestable pallets (subject to the loading constraints) are the most suitable option. The cost of these pallets also makes them suitable for non-return situations.

Anti Slip Inserts

Some plastic pallets are fitted with anti-slip inserts (normally on the top deck). Although these inserts can assist in reducing movement of goods on the loaded plastic pallet, they are really designed to stop the pallets from sliding around when they are being moved in stacks.

Automated Handling

In addition to fork lift trucks, systems such as automatic pallet loaders and feeders, often with roller conveyor are referred to as, automated handling. When sourcing plastic pallets, it is essential to ensure that the pallet is compatible with any automated equipment.

Closed Deck

A solid top to the pallet without holes or perforations, unlike an open deck which may have an open "honeycomb" structure.

Closed Loop

In a closed loop scenario, the pallets remain under the control of the pallets’ owner. They might be used at only one site, or sent from a main site to regional distribution centres, and then returned to the main site for re-use. Under these circumstances the risk of loss or damage is greatly reduced

Custom Colours

Although most Plastic pallets are black or grey, they can be moulded in any colour - and for large quantities it can be possible to order the pallets in a corporate colour.

Design Limits

Plastic pallets are designed to work within certain limits, which define the way in which the pallet can be used, and the loading which the pallet accommodate. These should not be exceeded.

Dynamic Loading

The maximum load (kg) which the pallet can carry, in a dynamic (moving) situation. For example, when in motion on a fork lift. This is normally lower that the maximum static (stationery) loading. At extreme temperatures (hot or cold) the maximum Dynamic loading of the pallet is subject to change.

Euro Pallet

This is the standard 1200 x 800mm (48 x 31.5 inch) pallet, as used in mainland Europe.

Export Pallets

See Air freight Pallets.

Full Perimeter

A full perimeter pallet has base runners which run on all four sides of the pallet. The runners are often joined by one or two cross runners, sometimes refereed to as a Cruciform base. A Full Perimeter pallet is ideal for pallet racking, and can be racked in both directions.

Fumigated

This term applies to wooden pallets, and refers to a treatment process to kill any infestation within the timber prior to export to Australia or new Zealand. Plastic pallets do not require this treatment.

HDPE

High density PolyEthylene. Plastic material used to manufacture plastic pallets.

Half Euro Pallet

This is a half size version of the standard pallet as used in mainland Europe - it is 800 x 600mm ( 31.5 x 24 inches).

Hygienic Pallet

All plastic pallets are more suitable than wooden pallets for us in hygienic areas. However, top range specialist Hygienic Pallets have 100% smooth surfaces, leaving no cracks or gaps for contamination to build up in, and are often made from Virgin plastics.

Injection Moulding

This is the method used to manufacture the majority of plastic pallets.

Load Retaining Lips

Some plastic pallets are available with additional raised edges around the top deck of the pallet. Usually they are in two short sections on each side, and they can help to hold the load in place on the pallet.

Nestable

Nestable pallets usually have nine hollow feet which are moulded as part of the top deck - whether the top deck is closed or open. In this way, when one empty pallet is stacked on another, they "nest" together - the feet from the top pallet go through the lower pallet which means that around 40 pallets will stack in a 1000mm (40 inch) high stack, saving storage space.

Net Weight

The weight of the empty pallet in kg (or lb.)

Open Deck

The pallet top deck has an open "honeycomb" structure or a series of slots in an otherwise closed top, unlike a closed top deck which is totally solid.

PE

PolyEthylene. Plastic material used to manufacture plastic pallets.

PP

PolyPropylene. Plastic material used to manufacture plastic pallets.

Packaging Regulations

Regulations obliging companies to reduce the volume of packaging materials consumed, applying to wood and other materials.

Pallet Racking

Heavy duty steel structure used in warehouses to support pallets at multi levels - increases storage capacity per square metre of floor space when compared with simple multi pallet stacking. Has implications for the style of pallet which can be used.

PO

Polyolefin. Plastic material used to manufacture plastic pallets.

Polypropylene

Plastic material used to manufacture plastic pallets

Polyethylene

Plastic material used to manufacture plastic pallets

Racked Loading

The maximum load (kg) which the pallet can carry, when placed on pallet racking. This is normally lower that the maximum static (stationary) loading. At extreme temperatures (hot or cold) the maximum Racked loading of the pallet is subject to change.

Runners

The top deck of some plastic pallets are mounted on three runners, which run in the direction of the longest side. Whether these runners are "clipped on" to a nestable pallet, or are moulded as part of the pallet, the three runners create a stronger pallet.

Standard Pallet

The Standard size of pallet in the UK, and generally used world-wide, is 1200 x 1000mm (48 x 40 inch).

Static Loading

The maximum load (kg) which the pallet can carry, when placed on a solid floor. This is always higher than both the maximum Dynamic (stationary) and Racked loading. At extreme temperatures (hot or cold) the maximum Static loading of the pallet is subject to change.

Tanalised

This term applies to wooden pallets, and refers to a treatment process to kill any infestation within the timber prior to export to Australia or new Zealand. Plastic pallets do not require this treatment.

Tare weight

The net weight of the empty pallet in kg (or lb.)

Treated

This term applies to wooden pallets, and refers to a treatment process to kill any infestation within the timber prior to export to Australia or new Zealand. Plastic pallets do not require this treatment.

Ventilated Deck

The pallet top deck has an open "honeycomb" structure or a series of slots in an otherwise closed top, unlike a closed top deck which is totally solid.

Ask the experts

If you need help selecting the best plastic pallet for your application, call our expert team of advisors on 01323 744057 or email sales@goplasticpallets.com.